Les has been characterized by the conservation of traditions, their music and their dances.
The year 1950 the first group of Aranese dances is formed and, from 1979 on, it happened to call Es Corbilhuèrs, a group that has continued with the work of research and spreading of the Gasconian and Aranese dances and music.
History of the group
The 1987 it was created in Les this group of traditional Gasconian songs called Es Corbilhuèrs Cantaires de Les, under the technical address of the Bearian musician Jan Francès Tisner. They released the disk titled “Aran sings Gasconha”. Their projection arrived until the participation of the group at the TRADICIONARIUS festival and the festival of Seròs in the 1995 with a big success of public. Every year they have taken part in different festivals so much to France as well as in the Spanish territory.
In 1994, Es Corbilhuèrs dansaires joined up with the singers and together formed the Association Es Corbilhuèrs of Les, which counts nowadays with a hundred of partners. Since then, the group has not stopped taking part in festivals and working with Es Corbilhonets (group of children) who have taken part in editions of CD’s and in contests such as the one that takes place for all the Catalan children at the Barcelona’s Palau de la Musica.
Origin of the name
Corbilhuèrs is the popular name of the people of Les. The word derives from corbilhons: baskets of wicker and hazel that were used to load the animals in the fieldwork. It derives from a legend that says that the inhabitants of Les wanted to reach the sky in order to see the sun. Thus, they began to put one corbilhon on top of another and so on. When it lasted just one to reach it, they were out of corbilhons and they had the brilliant idea of taking the first one, and obviously everything felt down.
The group brings two type of different wardrobe: the typical of the Gasconian farmers and the party wardrobe. Regarding the first, the girls dress a long skirt of cloth of wool, petticoat, trousers and apron, a white blouse and a corset, with a headscarf and a straw hat. They wear wooden shoes or sandals and socks of wool. The boys bring trousers and waistcoat also of cloth of wool, shirt of linen, a red girdle and a hat. They also wear wooden shoes or sandals.
The wardrobe of party was more typical of the bourgeoisie. The women wear a long skirt of print sateen, an embroidered black blouse, a headscarf and a black hood in the head of cloth of wool, with a black period footwear. The boys wear the same wardrobe of peasant but made up with velvet of different colours and smart footwear.
Repertoire of dances and songs
The repertoire of dances of the group is composed by:
– Eth Cadrilh. It is a dance of appropriate ceremony for parties and important celebrations. It is from the past century but it was choreographed in the 50s. Since then, it is considered a very popular dance in the Aran Valley. As its name illustrates, the dance takes place in groups of four that develop different figures, chains, circles… It is accompanied by the singers’ music and lyrics.
– Eth Carrilhon. It is a Bearnese dance choreographed by the Corbilhuèrs. It is cheerful and it is danced in rolls. The lyrics are composed by the Corbilhuèrs.
– Eth Balh-Plan. Originally from the village of Canejan, this dance is danced for the town’s festival. It consists of a flat dance step and a jumped step, with traditional lyrics and two strophes compounded by the Corbilhuèrs.
– Eth Rondèu d’Es Corbilhuèrs. It is a music from a Bearnese fable adapted by the group to its choreography and lyrics.
– Era Aubada. It is the most traditional dance of the Aran Valley. It began to be danced during the XIX century in all the towns of the area.de la Val d’Aran. – Eth Tricotèr. Es un baile de fiesta y gresca, danzada en Canejan el día de Carnaval para la juventud del pueblo que entre cadenas, corros y vueltas iban por las calles haciendo ver que tricotaban, haciendo y deshaciendo diferentes figuras.
– Escotisha -Eth rei petit-. It treats about an imported dance of the Austrian court in time of Napoleon III; a typical dance of Palace that came to be a popular dance. The letter is sung in bearnés.
– Eth Barricot deth nòvi. This dance makes reference to the banquet of friends on the part of the married new ones.
– Era Matelòta. It is also named “tròbi lo renard” and it is very traditional of the Béarn. Matelòta is told to a person very clever and livened up, like the fox (“renard”), and it is a dance characterized by a living rhythm that attempts to remember the agility of this beast.
Regarding the songs:
– Cançon de Pandèra: Catalan song adapted by “Verd e Blu”, a group from the Bearn region.
– Adius ara Val d’Aran: of Occitan group “Nadau”.
– Es Esclòps: traditional from Gascony.
– Aqueres Montanhes: Traditional from Gascony.
– Maudit sia l’amor: traditional from the region of Bearn.
– Jan petit: of -Nadau-.
– Dinc a la hont: of -Nadau-.
– Seguida de borrègues: traditional of the region of Coserans.
– Te vòs maridar Roseta: traditional from Gascony.
– Atau quan l’arrosà ei navèra: traditional of the region of Bearn.
– Era perditz: traditional Aranese.
– Mossur Curèr de Casterar: song of humorous type.
– Other songs of all the corners of the Gascony gathered together in the recording “Aran sings Gasconha”.
- Maria José Romeva (voz)
- Vicenta Rodríguez (voz)
- Toñi Marchal (voz)
- Rosa Aragonés (voz y percusión)
- Maria Vergés (guitarra)
- Manuela Ané (voz)
- Paco Boya (flauta, acordeón diatónico, bot y voz)
- Joan Pujol (acordeón diatónico)
- Antonio Romeva (voz y percusión)
- Emili Medan (voz)
- Antonio Cuito (flauta y bot)
Aran cante Gasconha
Intérprete: ES CORBILHUÈRS
Título: Aran cante Gasconha
Género: ÈTNICA/FOLK,WORLD MUSIC,
Es Corbilhuèrs de Les has been and it is the only group of the Val d’aran that has made an authenActuacionestic work of recovery of the traditional instruments of the zone: accordion diatonic, bagpipe (eth bot), flute of three holes. It is also necessary to say that it is the only group that uses the diatonic accordion.
The association Còlha de Sta. Maria de Mijaran and Es Corbilhuèrs de Les want to incorporate this musical instrument into their performances. Eth bot (bagpipe) is an instrument with the form of bag made with leather (as if it were a boot of wine). Of the family of the bagpipe although much simpler, the boat has a handle to blow while it is supported itself under the arm. In this handle, the six holes that are useful to touch the traditional music.
If we contemplate the portals of the churches of Vielha and Betren (and other of all the French Comminges), we will be able to find some characters with a bag under the arm and the hands about the handle of the instrument: it is the bagpipe. It is a matter of a very ancient instrument, a form that was already used in the antique Egypt and that has managed to get lost in many of these Pyrenean valleys.
Es Corbilhuèrs de Les have taken part in numerous festivals and they have acted for all Spain. Some examples: three consecutive years of performances in the Folkloric Festival of the Pyrenees in Les (70’s), La Bastide (France, 1985), in the Festival of Jaca (1989), in the Tradicionarius (Barcelona, 1993), in Expocultura (Barcelona, 1994), in the Festival of Seròs (France, 1995), in the Festival Aran en Dança (from 1993 until 1997) organized by the Conselh Generau d’Aran, in the Mass of the Jubilee of Sant Bertrand de Comminges (France, 1996), in the Festival of Argelès (France, 1996) and every year in the Cultural Summer of Aran.
In 1997 they acted at the “Catalonia and Occitània” Festival in Balaguer on the occasion of an exhibition about the Cathars. The same year they were at the Festival of the Pyrenees, in Oloron-Sainte-Marie and also in the Festival of Accous (France). During 2001 they acted in Cuenca and in the Festival of traditional music of Manresa. In 2003, they made their performance in Castelló. In 2004, they participated in the party of the ‘raiers’ in La Pobla de Segur and in 2005, they were in Mallorca.
M. José Romeva
Tel. 0034 + 973 648007
Fax. 0034 + 973.648382
Tel. 0034 + 973 640092
Tel. 0034 + 973 647215